According to GLOBOCAN 2012, lip and oral cavity cancer is the 12th most common cancer in Asia and ranks 8th among all the cancers in men
Oral cancer is a major public health problem. Late diagnosis, high mortality rates and morbidity are characteristics of the disease worldwide.
1. At first men were affected more but now the trend has changed and prevalence is more for women.
2. Tobacco and alcohol cause the majority of oral cancers. Other risk factors are associated with diet and nutrition, family history of cancer,excessive sun exposure and Human Papilloma Virus.
3. Oral cancer may develop in any part of the mouth like tongue, lips and or even the middle part of the throat.
HOW TO IDENTIFY?
Only a dentist could identify the symptoms, Usually symptoms won’t be identified by patients.
4. Symptoms include red, white or speckled spots and patches in the mouth, swellings, lumps and rough crusts areas anywhere inside the mouth, unexplained bleeding, pain, tenderness or numbness in the mouth, persistent soreness on the mouth, throat, neck or face, difficulty in swallowing, speaking or chewing, chronic sore throat, hoarseness or change in voice, change in the way the teeth or dentures fit together, ear pain and dramatic loss in weight.
5. Avoiding the use of tobacco and alcohol is still the primary key to oral cancer prevention.
A diet high in vegetables and fruits can also decrease the chances of oral cancer.
-Oral screening should be done regularly once in every 6 month by a dentist.
“Remember, dentistry is not expensive, neglect is”.
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